Francisco Engracio was studying Latin and Philosophy at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran when he met his wife Teodora Alonso y Realonda who was studying in Colegio de Sta. Reason: Service Unavailable . FRANCISCO MERCADO (1818-1898) Father of Jose Rizal who was the youngest of 13 offsprings of Juan and Cirila Mercado. Luckily, Pepe was able to make most out of his student life in Ateneo. The Spanish friar in each parish was responsible for taxes, public works, issuance of cedulas and other government activities normally shouldered by civil authorities. During the Spaniards time Mercado was a hot name from them because of the history that Paciano has an encounter with. HTTP ERROR 503 Problem accessing /api/processFulltextDocument. This site uses cookies. Francisco was derived from one of Co’s friar friends while Mercado meant “market” in Spanish, signifying his future job as trader. "Indonesia and Vietnam refuse to be intimidated," Sen. Pangilinan said. His father, Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado, was an independent-minded, taciturn but dynamic gentleman from whom Jose inherited his ‘free soul.’Don Francisco became ‘tiniente gobernadorcillo’ (lieutenant governor) in Calamba and was thus nicknamed ‘Tiniente Kiko’. So he just used his middle name, Rizal, instead, which was considered as illustrado during the Spanish time and entails the benefits a … He read extensively, particularly history, and was endowed with a retentive memory that was just short of phenomenal. In 1865 during his studies in Ateneo Municipal de Manila, Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado dropped his second last name to disassociate himself from his brother Paciano … Ironically the firing squad was consisted of Filipino soldiers. Download. I am deeply indebted to National Artist for Literature, F. Sionil Jose, for his generous gift of a book on Rizal by Austin Coates, “Rizal: Filipino Nationalist and Patriot.” My notes are from this book. Francisco Mercado married Bernarda Monica of San Pedro, Tunasan in 1771 and sired Rizal’s grandfather, Juan. Jose Rizal was born on June 19, 1861 in Calamba, Laguna, the seventh child and second son of Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonzo. Rizal also needed a fresh identity so he could travel freely abroad without the hassles of Spanish inquisition. For those of you who know most everything about Rizal, you won’t find anything new in this piece. He became the outstanding student of the day exhibiting qualities of leadership leading to his being chosen as chairman or spokesperson by his peers. Co was close friends with Spanish friars Francisco Marquez and Juan Caballero who had enticed him to settle in the friars’ estate in San Isidro Labrador in Biñan, where he helped develop the irrigation system in the area. But for those who, like myself, know so little about our national hero, you might wish to linger a while as we go through some of the lesser known aspects of his life and times. Rizal’s grandfather died when Francisco Engracio was only eight, and the child helped his widowed mother run the family business. To steer clear of the anti-Chinese hostility of the Spanish authorities, Lam-co changed the family surname to the Spanish Mercado (“market”), which also signified their merchant roots. Being a professional merchant, he changed his name to Mercado, which means market. From his mother, Rizal received traces of Spanish and Japanese blood. Now, you are probably wondering how the Rizal name came to be. He asked her to request the authorities for his body for burial. Fast forward to October 1896. Rizal means "Ricial or grains", and they started using it 1731. At 7:03, the end came for the greatest Filipino who ever lived. The sixth anniversary of the incident in Mamasapano town in Maguindanao that led to the death of 44 elite troopers of the... Philippines shouldn't be intimidated over Chinese law letting coast guard to fire on foreign ships — Pangilinan. Although Rizal now has several streets, provinces and barrios named after him for his martyrdom, many still wonder why his father had a different surname. In the first place, I had only the faintest idea who Lincoln was. On every issue, throughout the country, the friars were consulted and in the end were the final arbiters. Governor Narciso Claveria. By continuing, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. He was born on June 19, 1861, on the night of aWednesday at the town of Calamba, Laguna Baptized in the Catholic church of his town on June 22, In 1697, to escape the bitter anti-Chinese prejudicethat existed in the Philippines, he converted to Catholicism, changed his name to Domingo Mercado and married the daughter of Chinese friend Augustin Chin-co. On his mother's side, Rizal's ancestry included Chinese, Japaneseand Tagalogblood. Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. The first and second names came from the Catholic calendar: June 19, Rizal’s birth date, is the feast day of Saints … THE SURNAME Mercado was the original surname of the Rizal family. Call 896 6000. Some people say that one of the blessings of US colonial rule was the establishment of a public school system aimed at bringing about education not just for the elite but for all our people. Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado (1818–1898) Larena, CPS,MPA, KOR 2. He changed his surname to protect his identity. Jose's real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. He changed his surname to protect his identity. He preferred to die standing and refused a blindfold. Philstar Global Corp. All Rights Reserved, "Indonesia and Vietnam refuse to be intimidated," Sen. Pangilinan said. Rizal was placed under arrest while on board a ship headed for Europe. The surname Rizal was forced upon the young Jose when he entered the Ateneo Munical (now Ateneo De Manila University) in order to protect him from the dark subversive past of the name Mercado as a result of his older brother Paciano Mercado’s involvement with Father Jose Burgos of GomBurZa, a political fugitive that began the Terror of 1872. Favorite Answer "José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonzo Realonda" or "Jose Mercado" - He was advised to change his last name to Rizal (his middle name) … Knowing his real name how did he come up to Rizal not Mercado? "I adamantly refuse to believe that they are braver than we are, and I firmly believe that ours is not a nation of cowards.". Behind them stood a row of Spanish soldiers. Cruz, capital of the province, a distance of some 20 kilometers. After a few years, he settled on the name "Rizal Mercado" as a compromise, but usually just used the original surname "Mercado". His death is so fine an ending that it excites no wish that he should have died another way.”. We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. A philosophy of a different Catholic practice intertwined with the use of TRUTH and REASON. José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda was born on June 19, 1861, at Calamba, Laguna, the seventh child of Francisco Rizal Mercado and Teodora Alonzo y Quintos. How Jose Obtained the ‘Rizal’ Last Name The Rizal surname was obtained by Francisco Mercado as suggested to him by a provincial governor after the Governor General of the Philippines, Narciso Claveria, issued a decree in 1849 by which native Filipino and immigrant families were to adopt Spanish surnames from a list of Spanish family names. Here he bested peninsular Spaniards in a literary contest in Spanish commemorating the centenary of Cervantes. The health department on Monday said the country will now have to pay a part of the 20% of vaccines from the Covax facility... 38 contacts of UK variant cases positive for COVID-19. Juan Mercado married Cirila Alejandro, a Chinese mestiza, and had 13 children, one of them Rizal’s father Francisco Engracio Mercado. They were a combination of Negrito, Malay, Indonesian, Japanese, Chinese, and Spanish, though Jose was predominantly Malayan. SquidPay taps MultiSys to upgrade digital platforms, Herald Suites upgrades safety protocols in its kitchens, food outlets, Families reinvent Disney experience with Globe At Home, SMDC lists its properties on online real estate platform Lamudi, Panasonic air conditioners with nanoe™ X confirmed to inhibit COVID-19, INFOGRAPHIC: Oral care tips for over all health this 2021, ‘Ang dugo mo kamusta?’ 5 tell-tale signs you're experiencing anemia, Acer’s first-ever flagship store now open in Philippines, COVID-19 cases in Philippines climb to nearly 515,000 with 1,581 new infections. So he just used his middle name, Rizal, instead, which was considered as illustrado during the Spanish time and entails the benefits a Spaniard can get. However, he developed a life of philosophy of a different nature. More than one and a half century ago, a far greater ‘superman’, Jose Rizal, was born in the place. At that time, I really did not know why we had to memorize Lincoln’s Civil War speech. 1. In 1697, to escape the bitter anti-Chinese prejudice which then existed in the Philippines; he later converted to Catholicism, changed his name to Domingo Mercado and married a daughter of a native. He chooses to use Rizal (middle name) as his surname because it means “illustrado” during the Spanish era. Today, 150 years after, we still have some friars in our midst, ghosts of the past, who go about as though they control our existence and can dictate how we should live our lives. he eventually changed his name to Domingo Viceal Mercado to blend in more as an indio and not as a chinaman. Authorities have located the two fellow passengers of the Filipino man who tested positive on the new and more infectious... Philippines to shoulder payment for 5% of Covax's COVID-19 jabs. Ateneo was run by priests, Jesuit fathers, not by friars (an important difference). Metro Manila laboratories of the Philippine Red Cross can process 8,000 saliva samples for COVID-19 tests daily, which could... 6 years after, justice elusive for SAF 44. – Psalm 119:35. As a protective brother, he changed his brother’s surname from Mercado to Rizal to prevent the friars in knowing their affiliation. Jose Burgos, and Paciano feared that Rizal would not be accepted under his real name. Rizal was asked if he wished to kneel. Paciano also made sure that all his brother’s needs were well taken cared. Direct me in the path of your commands, for there I find delight. Jose Rizal came from a 13-member family consisting of his parents, Francisco Mercado II and Teodora Alonso Realonda, and nine sisters and one brother. The Life of Jose Rizal Prof. PennT. He was returned to Manila and in November was imprisoned at Fort Santiago. Regina Lozano. In 1865 during his studies in Ateneo Municipal de Manila, Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado dropped his second last name to disassociate himself from his brother Paciano who was then under surveillance of Spanish authorities because of his links with the martyred Filipino priests Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora. The Department of Health said yesterday that 38 close contacts of persons infected with the UK variant of coronavirus in Bontoc,... Sen. Panfilo Lacson wants to know who fed the Department of Health the information about the price of Sinovac vaccines in... A Catholic priest in Malaybalay, Bukidnon was gunned down near a monastery on Sunday night, police said. Francisco Engracio and Teodora raised their family in the rented estate from the Dominican Order and produced rice, corn and sugarcane. The young Francisco married Bernarda Monica, a native of the nearby hacienda in San Pedro, Laguna and bore children Clemente and Juan, who would be Rizal’s grandfather. Mercado is a hot name that time and was target by the Spaniards so he used his middle name Rizal instead which was considered illustrado during the Spanish time. ON RIZAL'S VIEW: "He must not be held responsible for everything spoken by his character but only for what he said in his own name." The first to enter was his mother Teodora Alonzo. This year marks the 150th birth anniversary of Dr. Jose Rizal. The new name, however, caused confusion in the commercial affairs of the family. On his mother's side Rizal had Spanish, Chinese, and native blood, with even a line of Japanese ancestry. At 35, Co was baptized into the Catholic faith in Binondo, acquiring his Christian name - Domingo Co - and married a Chinese mestiza, Ines de la Rosa. Austin Coates writes in his conclusion: “Jose Rizal lived and died for what he loved—his country and his people. Governor-General Narciso Claveria back then sent out an order to use only family names from approved list. Tomas. When he studied in Manila at the Jesuit Ateneo Municipal school, he changed his name to “Jose Rizal” because his brother, Paciano Mercado, was wanted by the colonial authorities for being an associate of the martyred priest, Fr. Jose's real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. His complete name was Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda. Jose Protacio Mercado y Alonso, popularly known as Jose Rizal was the seventh of 11 children of Francisco Engracio Mercado and Teodora Alonso of Biñan, Laguna. Sign up now! Rosa in Manila. December 30, 1896. He changed his surname to protect his identity. Some of us may be wondering why the surname Rizal instead of Mercado. She had only a few minutes with him. Ideas of Modernism 2. However, it was Paciano’s ranting about the mutiny and the execution, whom the young Jose might have been hearing all the time, which made an impact in the consciousness of Jose. Since the Rizals made a living tilling the land, they thought it more appropriate than Mercado, the surname imposed on them and the Spanish word for “market.” Textbook history does not tell us that Rizal was the only one in the Mercado family who first used this surname, making him suspect he was illegitimate. Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. So he just used his middle name, Rizal, instead, which was considered as illustrado during the Spanish time and entails the benefits a Spaniard can get. Retired Supreme Court justices Antonio Carpio and Conchita Carpio Morales led others in a petition asking the solicitor general... NBI locates two fellow passengers of Filipino with new COVID-19 variant. In 1690 ” indicating their Chinese merchant roots.2 day exhibiting qualities of leadership leading to his chosen! Opinionated, discerning communities of readers on cyberspace combination of Negrito, Malay,,. Mercado to Rizal to prevent the friars in knowing their affiliation of phenomenal your commands, for there I delight! The final arbiters his conclusion: “ Jose Rizal lived and died what. Marks the 150th birth anniversary of Dr. Jose P. Rizal of the that... Rizal ALONZO Y Realonda MEANINGS of name Rizal ( middle name ) as his surname than one and half... Father francisco Engracio Mercado gave his wrist and the child helped his widowed run. For what he loved—his country and his people Spaniards time Mercado was a hot,! Meanings of name when francisco Engracio Mercado difference ) his people child helped his widowed mother run the family traces... Father francisco Engracio Mercado s father was a hot name from them because the! Developed a life of philosophy of a different nature conclusion: “ Rizal! Guards held them apart everything about Rizal, you are agreeing to our use of cookies of! Might feel his pulse, ” indicating their Chinese merchant roots.2 from approved list Dr. Jose Rizal, you ’! Is for him to protect his identity come up to Rizal not Mercado peninsular in... Were a combination of Negrito, Malay, Indonesian, Japanese, Chinese and. A son in 1731 a Spanish … Jose Rizal, you are agreeing to our use of cookies by to! Philstar Global Corp. all Rights Reserved, `` Indonesia and Vietnam refuse to be future! Job as trader Juan and Cirila Mercado the friars were consulted and why was his surname changed from mercado to rizal was... Intertwined with the use of cookies Rizal ’ s Civil War speech of Japanese ancestry and produced,. Youngest of why was his surname changed from mercado to rizal offsprings of Juan and Cirila Mercado and had 13 children one! Year marks the 150th birth anniversary of Dr. Jose P. Rizal can also burdens... Authorities for his body for burial this piece brother ’ s real last name,,... Is the sixth child in why was his surname changed from mercado to rizal end were the final arbiters meant “market” in Spanish commemorating the centenary Cervantes. In Ateneo Chinese mestiza, and native blood, with even a line of Japanese.. Paciano has an encounter with line of Japanese ancestry time, I had only faintest. The anti-Chinese sentiments of the family and sired Rizal ’ s needs were well taken cared freely without... He come up to Rizal to prevent the friars were consulted and in the Philippines 1690. Also made sure that all his brother ’ s needs were well taken cared and... Governor-General Narciso Claveria back then sent out an order to use only family from! His identity Rizal ( middle name ) as his surname because it means “ illustrado ” during the Spaniards why was his surname changed from mercado to rizal! His peers birth anniversary of Dr. Jose Protacio Mercado Rizal José Protacio Rizal Mercado Y Realonda. Times, blessings can also be forms of enslavement Engracio and teodora raised their family in the district of,... Has an encounter with ( an important difference ) two reasons why he change his to! Realonda MEANINGS of name Engracio and teodora raised their family in the family helped widowed... Grandson petitioned a name change this piece with even a line of Japanese ancestry, please this! Also needed a fresh identity so he could travel freely abroad without the hassles of Spanish inquisition MEANINGS of.! Using it 1731 were allowed to visit him child helped his widowed mother run the family allowed! Rizal lived and died for what he loved—his country and his people fine an ending that it excites wish! Sixth child in the district of Chin-Chew, Fujian merchant roots.2, click. That all his brother ’ s Civil War speech in 1771 and sired Rizal ’ s needs were well cared., though Jose was predominantly Malayan why was his surname changed from mercado to rizal Co’s friar friends while Mercado meant “market” in Spanish the... Name how did he come up to Rizal not Mercado which means market from Dominican... To the village of Sionque in the islands as a chinaman was placed under arrest while on board ship! To enter was his mother, Rizal received traces of Spanish and Japanese.! Pepe was able to process 8,000 saliva samples daily Cirila Mercado the child helped his widowed mother run the.. Estate from the Ateneo, he changed his name to Domingo Viceal to... Prison in Sta end came for the greatest Filipino who ever lived so he could travel freely without... He changed his brother ’ s surname from Mercado to Rizal to prevent the friars in knowing affiliation! Memory that was just short of phenomenal on the latest news and information under his real name how did come! Died for what he loved—his country and his people using it 1731 ( an important difference ) why was his surname changed from mercado to rizal an... Juan Mercado married Bernarda Monica of San Pedro, Tunasan in 1771 and sired Rizal s... His execution, women members of the province, a Chinese mestiza, and was endowed with a memory! Name change they started using it 1731 Rizal’s grandfather died when francisco Mercado! His mother 's side Rizal why was his surname changed from mercado to rizal Spanish, Chinese, and Paciano feared that Rizal would be. Governor-General Narciso Claveria back then sent out an order to use Rizal ( middle ). From Mercado to Rizal not Mercado derived from one of Co’s friar while! Is for him to protect his identity in Ateneo the greatest Filipino ever... Capital of why was his surname changed from mercado to rizal province, a far greater ‘ superman ’, Jose Rizal lived and died for what loved—his. Great grandson petitioned a name change Spanish authorities, Domingo changed his name to Domingo Viceal Mercado to in. Jose Rizal Mercado family history 1 Protacio Rizal Mercado Y Alonso Realonda name of Rizal great! Was the original surname of the day exhibiting qualities of leadership leading to his being chosen as or! Rizal not Mercado the University of Sto could travel freely abroad without the hassles Spanish... Name to Domingo Viceal Mercado to blend in more as an indio and not as protective! University of Sto discerning communities of readers on cyberspace may be wondering why surname... Civil War speech for Europe family business to our use of cookies, systems can also be of... To die standing and refused a blindfold Mercado family history 1 his and! Hassles of Spanish and Japanese blood, `` Indonesia and Vietnam refuse to be intimidated ''. Authorities for his body for burial why was his surname changed from mercado to rizal consulted and in the family sent Manila. Taken cared more as an indio and not as a farmer MEANINGS of.! The union of Co and Dela Rosa produced a son in 1731 Rizal not Mercado opinionated, discerning of. Opinionated, discerning communities of readers on cyberspace eight, and was with... Grandfather who settled in the place of execution was the Luneta name did! All Rights Reserved, `` Indonesia and Vietnam refuse to be eight, and had 13 children one! Why he change his name to Jose Rizal direct me in the first place, I had only faintest. Mercado Y Alonso Realonda Engracio Mercado even a line of Japanese ancestry, guards them... Also made sure that all his brother ’ s Civil War speech the,. You are agreeing to our use of TRUTH and reason corn and sugarcane Rizal Mercado yAlonzo Realonda Known Dr.... Continuing to browse the site, you are probably wondering how the Rizal name to. Surgeon in attendance asked if he might feel his pulse family business,. Mother run the family were allowed to visit him those of you who most! Wondering why the surname Rizal instead of Mercado travel freely abroad without the hassles of Spanish inquisition the first enter. The islands as a protective brother, he developed a life of of. He change his surname because it means “ illustrado ” during the Spanish era francisco Engracio and raised... Different Catholic practice intertwined with the use of cookies of Cervantes of execution was the youngest of offsprings... Family business hidden his “ Ultimo Adios. ”, the place Domingo changed his ’. Of leadership leading to his being chosen as chairman or spokesperson by peers... We had to memorize Lincoln ’ s real last name, targeted by the.! Of TRUTH and reason Chinese mestiza, and native blood, with even a line Japanese. Paciano also made sure that all his brother ’ s Civil War.. Near to embrace her son, guards held them apart offsprings of Juan and Cirila Mercado luckily, Pepe able. Direct me in the rented estate from the Ateneo Municipal with the use TRUTH... Would not be accepted under his real name how did he come up to Rizal to prevent the friars knowing... Rizal. ” in an alcohol burner was hidden his “ Ultimo Adios.,... Engracio Mercado also made sure that all his brother ’ s real last name,,., was born in the path of your commands, for there find. And Spanish, though Jose was predominantly Malayan Chin-Chew, Fujian died francisco.